UGO FANO PRIZE 2016
for Materials Science, Light Science & Life Science
Rome Dec 19-20-21, 2016
Established in honor of Ugo Fano, at 80 years from the publication of his paper on configuration interaction between open and closed scattering channels (after called "Fano resonances")
the Rome International Center for Materials Science Superstripes (RICMASS)
to announce the ceremony on December 19, 2016 Marconi Hall, CNR, Piazzale Aldo Moro, 00185 Rome, Italy, in honor of the 2016 "Ugo Fano Gold Medal" winners
A SCIENTIFIC NOTE ON THE HYPERBOLIC GEOMETRY FAVORING MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM PHENOMENA AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
The picture shows the pathways of superconducting pairs running around the CDW puddles. The puddle size distribution is a power law. Between two points (black dots) there are an infinite number of pathways not only distinguished by the number of times a path goes around a single puddle, but also distinguished by the way the path is passing though the pattern of CDW puddles. This space can be mapped into a hyperbolic space
The evolution of the Universe after the Big Bang started from a disordered state of massless particles at a very high temperature. Later, with the temperature decreasing down, these particles begin to gain a mass thanks to the spontaneous symmetry breaking of Gauge symmetries. This effect, is the base for the Higgs mechanism. The massive particles form protons and neutrons and finally the atoms.
The picture shows superconducting pairs running in the interstitial space between puddles of electronic crystals (yellow bubbles)
An international research team, involving researchers of RICMASS, shows that heterogeneous systems not only display fascinating phenomena such as the emergence of life made of jiggling atoms in the cell, and the self organization of social networks, bur also could favor the emergence of a macroscopic quantum coherent state of many particles at high temperature. New experimental results, published in the NATURE issue of 17 Sept 2015, show that superconductivity at high temperature takes advantage from a non Euclidean space created by intertwining of inhomogeneity of charge density wave order and material complexity.